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APA Style Guide

Download APA Style as a PDF

This guide provides instruction on APA Style in-text citations and references.  For formatting help, search “APA template” on the RCC website. For more assistance, please contact an RCC librarian or visit roguecc.edu/library.

Adapted with permission from MiraCosta College.

In-Text Citations

IN-TEXT CITATION WHEN QUOTING

Cain (2013) asserted, “love is essential; gregariousness is optional” (p. 264).

Accordingly, “love is essential; gregariousness is optional” (Cain, 2013, p. 264).

IN-TEXT CITATION WHEN PARAPHRASING/SUMMARIZING

Cain (2013) contended that the industrial revolution helped to create a society that reveres extroverts (p. 21).

The industrial revolution led to a society that reveres extroverts (Cain, 2013, p. 21).

­IN-TEXT CITATION FOR SOURCES WITH 3 – 5 AUTHORS

In your first citation list all last names. In subsequent citations, list the first author’s last name and “et al.”

First time: Wilder, Diaz, & Eagan (2017) . . . OR end of sentence (Wilder, Diaz, & Eagan, 2017, p. 7).

Subsequent: Wilder et al. (2017) . . . OR end of sentence (Wilder et al., 2017, p. 7).

IN-TEXT CITATION FOR SOURCES WITH 6+ AUTHORS

For every citation, list et al. after first author:

Rosen et al. (2017)… OR end (Rosen et al., 2017, p. 45).

WHEN NO PAGE NUMBER AVAILABLE, GIVE PARAGRAPH #. Count paragraphs from beginning of document.

According to Bonney (2017), “blogs today are the new ‘word of mouth’” (para. 16).

WHEN NO AUTHOR AVAILABLE, GIVE ORGANIZATION NAME OR TITLE OF PIECE.

The American Nurses Association (2006) issued a position statement . . .

The APA Style Blog is a great resource “run by a group of experts” (“APA Style Experts,” 2009, para. 1).

Reference Page

A References page is the final page of a research paper and should be alphabetized and double-spaced. All citations longer than one line should have a .5 inch hanging indent:

References

Griggs, M. B. (2017, March 6). Ancient humans farmed the

      Amazon too. Popular Science. Retrieved from

      http://www.popsci.com/

Marshall, C., & Kovacs, G. (2011). Classics and comics.

      Retrieved from http://www.ebscohost.com

Tjoelker, M. J., & Brown, L. M. (2007). The many faces of

      climate warming. New Phytologist, 176(4), 739-742.

      doi:10.1111/j.14698147.2007.02279.x

Reference Examples

The most common reference examples are given here. Additional examples and information is available on the library’s website: roguecc.edu/library

BOOK - IN PRINT

Author(s). Said, E.
Publication date. (1978).
Title of book. Orientalism.
City, State: Publisher. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

APA Citation:
Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.


ESSAY / BOOK CHAPTER - IN PRINT

Author(s). Pellerin, R. M., & Sanders, J.
Publication date. (2016).
Title of essay/chapter. Disability and inequality.
Editor(s) of book, title, pages. In J. Ballantine (Ed.), Our social world (5th ed., pp. 359-60).
City, State: Publisher. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

APA Citation:
Pellerin, R. M., & Sanders, J. (2016). Disability and
     inequality. In J. Ballantine (Ed.), Our social world (5th
     ed., pp. 359-60). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


EBOOK - IN DATABASE

Author(s). Marshall, C., & Kovacs, G.
Publication date. (2011).
Title of book. Classics and comics.
URL Retrieved from http://www.ebscohost.com

APA Citation:
Marshall, C., & Kovacs, G. (2011). Classics and comics.
     Retrieved from http://www.ebscohost.com


EBOOK CHAPTER / ESSAY - IN DATABASE

Author(s). Smith, B. L., & Levitt, H. M.
Title of essay/chapter. Transgender.
Editor(s) of book, title, pages. In W. A. Darity, Jr. (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social sciences (2nd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 431-432).
URL Retrieved from http://www.gale.cengage.com/gvrl 

APA Citation:
Smith, B. L., & Levitt, H. M. (2008). Transgender. In W. A.
     Darity, Jr. (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social
     sciences (2nd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 431-432). Retrieved from
     http://www.gale.cengage.com/gvrl


EBOOK - IN GOOGLE BOOKS

Author(s). Vargas, Z.
Publication date. (2005).
Title of book. Labor rights are civil rights: Mexican American workers in twentieth-century America.
URL Retrieved from http://books.google.com

APA Citation:
Vargas, Z. (2005). Labor rights are civil rights: Mexican
    
American workers in twentieth-century America.
     Retrieved from https://www.books.google.com

Additional APA Citation, Edited Book in Google Books:
Swidler, N., Dongoske, K. E., & Downer, A. S. (Eds.). Native
     Americans and archaeologists: Stepping stones to
     common ground. Retrieved from https://books.google.com


MAGAZINE ARTICLE - WEB OR DATABASE

Provide volume, issue number, and pages if available. Final citation element is URL of magazine’s home page.

Author(s). Griggs, M. B.
Publication date. (2017, March 6).
Article title.  Ancient humans farmed the Amazon too.
Magazine title. Popular Science.
URL Retrieved from http://www.popsci.com/

APA Citation:
Griggs, M. B. (2017, March 6). Ancient humans farmed the
     Amazon too. Popular Science. Retrieved from
     http://www.popsci.com/

Additional Example:

Author(s). Ransby, B.
Publication date. (2015).
Article title.  The class politics of Black Lives Matter.
Magazine title, volume & issue, pages. Dissent, 62(4), 31-34.
URL Retrieved from https://www.dissentmagazine.org

APA Citation:
Ransby, B. (2015). The class politics of Black Lives Matter.
     Dissent, 62(4), 31-34. Retrieved from
     https://www.dissentmagazine.org


NEWSPAPER ARTICLE - WEB OR DATABASE

Author(s). Giblin, P.
Publication date. (2007, March 3).
Article title.  Proud marine tries on a different uniform as Padres prospect.
Newspaper title. The New York Times.
URL Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

APA Citation:
Giblin, P. (2007, March 3). Proud marine tries on a
     different uniform as Padres prospect. The New York
     Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Additional APA Citation:
Segal, L. (2017, March 13). L.A. Ballet's ambitious all-
     Balanchine program leads to missteps, but also one big
     triumph. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com


JOURNAL ARTICLE - WITH DOI

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique series of numbers and letters assigned to some journal articles. A DOI is often listed on the first page of an article (or sometimes in the header or footer).

Author(s). Tjoelker, M. J., & Brown, L. M.
Year. (2007).
Article title. The many faces of climate warming.
Journal title, volume & issue, pages. New Phytologist, 176(4), 739-742.
DOI doi:10.1111/j.14698147.2007.02279.x

APA Citation:
Tjoelker, M. J., & Brown, L. M. (2007). The many faces of
     climate warming. New Phytologist, 176(4), 739-742.
     doi:10.1111/j.14698147.2007.02279.x

Additional Example:
Field, T. L., & Mattson, G. (2016). Parenting transgender
     children in PFLAG. Journal of GLBT Family Studies,
     12(5), 413-429. doi:10.1080/1550428X.2015.1099492


JOURNAL ARTICLE - WITHOUT DOI

For articles without a DOI, give database permalink or URL of journal’s home page (whatever your instructor prefers).

Author(s). Cramer, F.
Year. (1945).
Article title. Book burning and censorship in Ancient Rome.
Journal title, volume & issue, pages. Journal of the History of Ideas, 6(4), 157-196.
URL Retrieved from http://jhi.pennpress.org

APA Citation:
Cramer, F. (1945). Book burning and censorship in Ancient
     Rome. Journal of the History of Ideas, 6(4), 157-
     196. Retrieved from http://jhi.pennpress.org

Additional Example:
Christian, B. (1989). But who do you really belong to -
     Black studies or women’s studies? Women’s Studies,17
     (1/2), 17-23. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.
     com/toc/gwst20/current


ENTIRE WEBSITE

When citing information from an entire website, just give the URL of the website in the text of your paper:

- The RCC Library website presents a wealth of resources to help students manage their research needs (http://roguecc.edu/library).


ARTICLE / PAGE ON WEBSITE

Author(s). Strickland, J.
Publication date. (2007, October 29).
Article / Page title. How hackers work.
URL Retrieved from http://computer.howstuffworks.com/ hacker.htm

APA Citation:
Strickland, J. (2007, October 29). How hackers work.
     Retrieved from http://computer.howstuffworks.com/
     hacker.htm


ARTICLE ON WEBSITE - NO AUTHOR

Website name. Banksy graffiti in Palestine.
Publication date. (2012, October 11).
URL Retrieved from http://banksyworld.blogspot.com/

APA Citation:
Banksy graffiti in Palestine. (2012, October 11). Retrieved
     from http://banksyworld.blogspot.com/


YOUTUBE VIDEO

Uploaded by. BuzzFeedBlue. [Note: If video has no author give username of person posting the video].
Upload date. (2014, May 20).  
Video name. Where young Syrian refugees sleep

-->.
URL Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v= E_kP2jMzn24

APA Citation:
BuzzFeedBlue. (2014, May 20). Where young Syrian
     refugees sleep

-->. Retrieved from
     www.youtube.com/watch?v= E_kP2jMzn24